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Arthiritis – Basic Information

Arthiritis – Basic Information

Arthiritis – Basic Information
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  • Osteo arthritis – most common caused by wear and tear of joints caused by degeneration of joints caused by age or over strain of joints.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – caused by auto immune reasons – defect in metabolism or immunity related causes – leading to severe disability and deformity of joints with severe pain and inflammation of joints
  • Psoriatic arthritis – secondary to severe skin problem called Psoriasis – manifestations same as rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout – Arthritis caused by defective metabolism where uric acid levels increase in the blood
  • Infectious arthritis – Secondary to systemic infections with different organism e.g.: viral fever
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis – type of arthritis affecting the spine leading to stiffness and degeneration of spine – also called Bamboo Spine
  • What happens in Arthritis?
    is the inflammation of one or more joints. It is characterized by pain and stiffness (especially in the morning or after exercise), swelling, deformity, and/ or a diminished range of motion. Bone growth or spurs may develop in the affected joints, increasing pain and decreasing mobility. There may be audible cracking or grating noises when the join moves.
  • Arthritis affects the body’s moveable, or synovial, joints at the knees, wrists, elbows, fingers, toes, hips, neck, back, and shoulders.
  • In healthy joints, the synovial membrane is thin, the cartilage that covers the bones is smooth, and a thin layer of synovial fluid covers the bone surfaces. A problem in any of these areas can result in arthritis.
  • The once smooth sliding surface of cartilage becomes rough, resulting in friction. The cartilage begins to break down, and the normally smooth sliding surfaces of the bones become pitted and irregular.


If the blood is too acidic, the cartilage in the joints may dissolve. The joints lose their normal smooth sliding motion, bones rub together, and the joints become inflamed, causing pain.
Possible Causes:

  • Stiffness and swelling of joints.
  • Fatigue.
  • Anemia ( low hemoglobin content the blood)
  • Weight loss.
  • Fever.
  • Crippling pain.
  • Redness, pain and tenderness in affected joint.


  • Systemic symptoms of infection such as fever, chills, and body aches.

Avoiding Arthritis: Use some of these useful tips

  • Eat more sulphur-containing foods, such as asparagus, eggs, garlic, and onions. Sulphur is needed for the repair and rebuilding of bone, cartilage, and connective tissue.
  • Other beneficial foods include fresh vegetables, non-acidic fresh fruits, whole grains, oatmeal, brown rice, fish, soybean products, and avocados.
  • Consume more of rice, wheat and rye.
  • Eat fresh pineapple frequently; Bromelain is excellent for reducing inflammation.
  • Eat some form of fibre, such as ground flaxseed, oat bran, or rice bran, daily.
  • Reduce the amount of fat in your diet.
  • Avoid vegetables like peppers, eggplant, tomatoes, and white potatoes. Avoid coffee, Red meat, Sour food, Bread, Yeast, Vinegar , bakery and fermented food
  • Spend time out doors for fresh air and sunshine. Exposure to the sun prompts the synthesis of vitamin D3, which is needed for proper bone formation.
  • Get regular moderate exercise. Exercise is essential for reducing pain and retarding joint deterioration.
  • If you are overweight, lose those excess kilograms. Being overweight can cause and aggravate osteoarthritis.

For Temporary Relief:

  • Massage with camphorated and volatile oils followed by hot fomentation
  • Taking hot baths or showers in the morning will help relieve morning stiffness.

Conventional medical Treatment

  • Pain relievers & anti-inflammatory medicines for temporary relief
  • NSAIDS – non steroid inflammatory medicines – long term course in the initial stages of Osteo arthritis , Gout and Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Chronic cases – Immune suppressants like Corticoid steroids, Methotrexates, Chloroquine etc. for life time
  • Surgical manipulations for correction of deformed joints

Complications Of conventional drugs

  • NSAID’s and pain relievers are symptomatic treatments and do not treat the root of cause and complications like ulcer stomach, acidity and long term effects on liver and kidney functions
  • Steroids may lead to Diabetes, High blood pressure and Heart problems on long term. Immuno -suppressant drugs may interfere with functions of Kidney and Liver when taken for long term.

Surgical manipulations mostly bring the cosmetic out look of joints and rarely bring back the mobility of joint.

Arthiritis – Basic Information
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About Mohan Nair

An engineer who evolved to become a corporate executive, evolved again to become a self made businessman , and then again to become an education activist and finally someone with a passion to make a difference in the lives of Indians with interest in Africa.

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